What is BIRD? 

Every time a statistical or supervisory regulatory framework is updated or a new one comes into existence, banks are left to their own devices to interpret it, extract the data from their internal systems and transform it appropriately to deliver a resulting data as per the regulation. It is not always straightforward, which source data to use and how to process it to produce the number required in Legislation X, Table Y, Cell Z. The greater the misalignment among banks regarding the meaning of specific sections within a regulatory standard, the more questionable is the quality of the output data and the more difficult are the comparisons among banks. In-depth study of revised or new legal acts is a costly and time-consuming process for each bank. 

Banks’ Integrated Reporting Dictionary (BIRD) is a methodology and data model, which is being developed in close collaboration by a group of members from the ECB, euro area NCBs and the banking industry software solution providers – including Regnology. The aim of BIRD is to alleviate the reporting burden for banks, “to help reporting agents efficiently organize information stored in their internal systems and fulfil their reporting requirements”. 

BIRD's components are: 

  • Data structure components - BIRD layers, e.g. Logical Data Model and Input Layer 
  • Connecting components - Forward engineering procedure, Transformation rules and Mappings 
  • Validating components - Validation rules (i.e. business and structural validation rules 






Source: European Central Bank Ecosystem – BIRD Methodology

What does the BIRD not provide? 

As the BIRD is a technical/operational level concept and not a regulatory requirement, it is also not a prescribed IT tool. 

Why use BIRD? 

The BIRD is being designed to generate outputs that are compliant with the reporting schemes of secondary statistics; however, it does not consider how these requirements are fulfilled in the national collection frameworks. Significant country-specific adjustments may be required to implement the BIRD at a national level. Thus, most of the benefits of BIRD will only be achieved if the IReF and the BIRD are implemented together.  

How do banks benefit from the BIRD? 

The ECB's long-term strategy for banks' regulatory data reporting is to create a single standartised reporting framework, with BIRD and IReF as two main pillars. BIRD will be extended for the possible country-specific items and facilitate local extensions outside of IReF scope as well, following the same principles allowing minimal redundancies across Eurozone countries. 

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